How To Calculate The Time Value Of Money

Introduction: Understanding the time value of money is crucial for making informed financial decisions. It helps in evaluating the worth of an investment over a specific period, taking into account factors like interest rates and time duration. In this article, we’ll introduce a user-friendly calculator to assist you in calculating the time value of money efficiently.

Formula: The time value of money (TVM) can be calculated using the following formula:



  • TVM is the time value of money.
  • PV is the present value.
  • r is the interest rate per period.
  • n is the number of periods.
  • FV is the future value.

How to Use:

  1. Enter the present value (PV) in the “Present Value (PV)” field.
  2. Input the future value (FV) in the “Future Value (FV)” field.
  3. Specify the interest rate (r) as a percentage.
  4. Enter the number of periods (n) in the “Number of Periods (n)” field.
  5. Click the “Calculate” button.
  6. The “Time Value of Money” field will display the calculated result.

Example: Suppose you have an investment with a present value of $10,000, a future value of $15,000, an interest rate of 5% per year, and it’s held for 3 years. Using our calculator:

  • Present Value (PV): $10,000
  • Future Value (FV): $15,000
  • Interest Rate (%): 5
  • Number of Periods (n): 3
  • Click “Calculate”

The result will be:

  • Time Value of Money: $1,440.98


  1. What is the time value of money (TVM)? The time value of money refers to the concept that money available today is worth more than the same amount of money in the future due to its earning potential.
  2. Why is calculating the time value of money important? It helps individuals and businesses make informed financial decisions by evaluating the potential returns and risks associated with investments.
  3. Can this calculator be used for both simple and compound interest? This calculator specifically deals with compound interest scenarios.
  4. Is this calculator applicable to all types of investments? Yes, it can be used for a wide range of investments, including savings accounts, bonds, and other interest-bearing securities.
  5. What if I don’t know the future value of the investment? You can leave the “Future Value (FV)” field empty, but you’ll need to know at least three of the other values to calculate TVM.
  6. Can I use this calculator for monthly or quarterly compounding? Yes, as long as you adjust the interest rate and number of periods accordingly.
  7. Is this calculator suitable for educational purposes? Absolutely, students and educators can use this calculator for financial courses and practical exercises.
  8. Can I round the result to a specific decimal place? The calculator provides results rounded to two decimal places. You can manually round it further if necessary.
  9. Is the calculator mobile-friendly? Yes, our calculator is designed to work seamlessly on both desktop and mobile devices.

Conclusion: Understanding the time value of money is vital for making sound financial decisions. With our online calculator, you can easily evaluate the value of an investment over time. Whether you’re an investor, a student, or someone looking to plan their finances, this tool will be a valuable asset. Try it now and make informed financial choices based on the time value of money.

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