How To Calculate Embedded Value


Embedded value is a financial metric used in the insurance industry to assess the economic value of an insurance company. It represents the present value of future profits plus the net asset value (NAV) of the company.

Formula: The embedded value is calculated using the formula: Embedded Value=Net Asset Value (NAV)+Future Profits1+Discount Rate100Embedded Value=Net Asset Value (NAV)+1+100Discount Rate​Future Profits​

How to Use:

  1. Input the Net Asset Value (NAV) of the insurance company.
  2. Enter the expected future profits.
  3. Provide the discount rate, which reflects the time value of money.
  4. Click the “Calculate” button to obtain the embedded value.

Example: Suppose an insurance company has a net asset value of $1,000, future profits of $500, and a discount rate of 5%. The embedded value would be calculated as follows: Embedded Value=1000+5001+5100Embedded Value=1000+1+1005​500​ Embedded Value≈1476.19Embedded Value≈1476.19


  1. What is embedded value?
    • Embedded value is a financial metric used to assess the economic value of an insurance company, taking into account its net asset value and the present value of future profits.
  2. Why is embedded value important?
    • Embedded value provides insights into the long-term financial health and profitability of an insurance company, aiding investors and stakeholders in their decision-making.
  3. How is net asset value (NAV) determined?
    • Net asset value is calculated by subtracting a company’s total liabilities from its total assets.
  4. What are future profits in the context of embedded value?
    • Future profits represent the anticipated profits an insurance company expects to generate in the future.
  5. Why is the discount rate used in the formula?
    • The discount rate accounts for the time value of money, reflecting the idea that a dollar received in the future is worth less than a dollar received today.
  6. Can embedded value be negative?
    • In theory, embedded value can be negative if a company’s liabilities and future expected losses outweigh its assets and future profits.
  7. Is embedded value used only in the insurance industry?
    • Yes, embedded value is primarily used in the insurance sector as a key performance indicator.
  8. How frequently should embedded value be calculated?
    • Embedded value is typically calculated annually or semi-annually to track the financial performance of an insurance company over time.
  9. Does a higher discount rate always result in a lower embedded value?
    • Yes, a higher discount rate decreases the present value of future profits, leading to a lower embedded value.
  10. What factors can impact embedded value?
  • Factors such as changes in interest rates, economic conditions, and the company’s risk profile can influence embedded value.

Conclusion: Understanding how to calculate embedded value is crucial for investors, analysts, and insurance professionals. It provides valuable insights into the financial health and potential profitability of an insurance company, aiding in informed decision-making.

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